Sistine Chapel on Stamps

 

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Introduction

 

The Last Judgement

Quattrocento Decoration

The Ceiling Frescoes
 

Raphael's Tapestries and their cartoons

 

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The Ceiling Frescos

Michelangelo returned to Rome in 1508. He was to paint the Twelve Apostles and a few ornaments on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. He, who had always insisted that he was a sculptor, was thus to learn the art of fresco painting, and practice it on a vault decorated by fifteenth-century artists as a starry sky. However, as he began work on the project, Michelangelo conceived grander designs for the decoration of the ceiling. He spent the time between then and the 31st of October 1512 painting more than 300 figures on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.

The frescoes on the ceiling can be divided into eleven transversal sections: nine bays as well as the spandrels and pendentives over the entry door and the altar, respectively. The lunettes form the highest part of the walls of the chapel; they are situated above the upper cornice and the frescoes on them are also parts of the scheme.

In the scheme of divisions, the key elements are the thrones of the seers (prophets and sibyls) flanked by plinths and colonnettes decorated with pairs of putti supporting the cornice running above the crowns of the spandrels, at about a third of the way across the curve of the vault. Beyond the cornice, the vertical frames flanking the thrones are prolonged as the arches crossing the vault. They divide the vault into ther nine bays in which the stories of Genesis - from the Separation of Light from Darkness to the Drunkenness of Noah - are represented as if they were seen above the space of the chapel, beyond and through the imposing structure of the painted architecture. In the five bays above the thrones of the seers, the field of the narrative scenes is limited in size by the presence of four figures of ignudi, sitting on plinths and bearing garlands of oak leaves and acorns, and of two medallions painted to resemble bronze, with episodes drawn from the books of Genesis, Samuel, Kings, and Maccabees. The marrative scenes begin from the altar wall and proceed toward the entrance; Michelangelo painted them in reverse order since he started from the area near the entrance wall.

On the side walls of the chapel, five prophets alternate with the same number of sibyls, so that each prophet is paired with a sibyl on the opposite wall: the Delphic Sibyl and Joel, Isaiah, and the Erythraean Sibyl, the Cumaean Sibyl and Ezekiel, Daniel and the Persian Sibyl, the Libyan Sibyl, and Jeremiah. The other two prophets - Zechariah and Jonah - are represented on the major axis of the Sistine Chapel.

At the corners of the vault, two spandrels join to form the larger triangular fields of the pendentives, with one of the two vertices pointing downward rather than up. Their surfaces create notable difficulties from a compositional point of view, especially where it was necessary to paint narratives. In the pendentives to the left and right of Zechariah, the story of Judith, and the combat of David and Goliath are represented, respectively. The scenes painted in the pendentives at the sides of Jonah depict the Punishment of Haman, at the left, and the Brazen Serpent, at the right.

Occupying the triangular fields between the thrones of the prophets and sibyls, above the lunettes, the eight spandrels of the side walls contain family groups with figures seated or reclining on the bare ground, in poses that seem to draw on the theme of the flight into Egypt. Together with the groups or single figures in the lunettes on either side of the tablets, they represent the generations of Christ's ancestors, according to the sequence of forty generations listed at the beginning of the Gospel of Saint Matthew.

(Source of Text : Web Gallery of Art)

 

 

 

(Source of Picture: Wikipedia)

 

The Ceiling Frescoes comprise of

9 scenes of the Genesis

Separation of Light from Darkness

Creation of the Sun, Moon, and Plants

Separation of the Earth from the Waters

Creation of Adam

Creation of Eve

The Fall and Expulsion from Garden of Eden

Sacrifice of Noah

The Deluge

Drunkenness of Noah

4 corner pendentives

Judith and Holofernes

David and Goliath

Punishment of Haman

The Brazen Serpent

7 prophets

Zechariah

Joel

Isaiah

Ezekiel

Daniel

Jeremiah

Jonah

5 sybils

The Delphic Sibyl

The Erythraean Sibyl

The Cumaean Sibyl

The Persian Sibyl

The Libyan Sibyl

20 ignudi  
4 pairs of bronze nudes above the pendentives  
8 triangular spandrels with pairs of bronze nudes

Salmon as a child (?)

Jesse as a child (?)

Rehoboam as a child(?)

Asa as a child (?)

Uzziah as a child (?)

Hezekiah as a child (?)

Shealtiel as a child (?)

Zerubbabel as a child(?)

10 medallions

Abraham about to sacrifice his son Isaac

The Destruction of the Statue of Baal

The worshippers of Baal being brutally slaughtered

Uriah being beaten to death

Nathan the priest condemning King David for murder and adultery

King David's traitorous son Absalom caught by his hair in a tree while trying to escape and beheaded by David's troops

Joab sneaking up on Abner to murder him

Joram being hurled from a chariot onto his head

Elijah being carried up to Heaven

On one medallion the subject is either obliterated or incomplete

 

 

Scenes of the Genesis

Creation of the Sun and Moon

Creation of Man

 

Original Sin

The Flood

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Creation of the Sun and Moon & Creation of Man

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Creation of Man

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Adam from 'Creation of Man'

Michelangelo - Self Portrait

Eve from 'Original Sin'

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Creation of the Sun and Moon (Detail) The Flood (Detail)

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The Deluge Original Sin

 

 

 

Prophets and Sybils

 

   

 

Prophet Jonah

Prophet Zechariah

Prophet Joel

 

Prophet Daniel

Prophet Ezekiel

Prophet Isaiah

     
   
 

Prophet Jeremiah

 

 

 

Libyan Sybil

Cumaean Sybil

Erythraean Sybil

Delphic Sybil

 
   
  Persian Sybil  

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Michelangelo Buonarroti

 
 
Prophet Isaiah Delphic Sybil Prophet Jeremiah Prophet Joel

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Prophet Joel Prophet Isaiah Prophet Daniel

Prophet Zechariah

 
Prophet Jonah Prophet Jeremiah Prophet Ezekiel
       
       
Libyan Sybil Erythraean Sybil Delphic Sybil Cumaean Sybil

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Delphic Sybil Prophet Isaiah
 
Delphic Sybil Prophet Isaiah
   
Erythraean Sybil Prophet Zechariah Prophet Ezekiel Prophet Daniel

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Delphic Sybil Cumaean Sybil

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Cumaean Sybil Prophet Zechariah
 
Delphic Sybil Libyan Sybil

 

 

 

Details from Lunettes

 

The lunettes form the highest part of the walls of the chapel; they are situated above the upper cornice and the frescoes on them are also parts of the scheme.

 

Eleazar

Jacob

 

Josiah

Asa

 

Zerubbabel

Azor

 

 

 

(Source of Picture: Web Gallery of Art  & Wikipedia)

 

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